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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2017 April;152(2):122-5

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.16.05224-X

Copyright © 2015 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Atopic dermatitis and dental manifestations

Cesare PERUGIA 1, Rosita SARACENO 2, Alessandra VENTURA 2, Bruno LORÈ 3, Carlo CHIARAMONTE 4, Raffaella DOCIMO 1, Sergio CHIMENTI 2

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 2 Unit of Dermatology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Surgery of the University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 4 Department of Statistics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy


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BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease associated with epidermal dysfunction commonly seen in children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible correlation between atopic dermatitis and dental diseases in paediatric patients.
METHODS: An observational study was conducted by the Department of Paediatric Dentistry of the Policlinico Tor Vergata among a group of 300 children, between 2 and 17 years of age and of both genders, for a period of 6 months from January 2013 to June 2013. Socio-demographic data including race, gender, and age were collected. Clinical and dermatological examinations were performed in all patients; family and medical history of atopy was recorded for each patient and relatives.
RESULTS: Three hundred patients, aged between 2 and 17 years, with mean age of 8.9 (±2.12), were enrolled; 90/300 (30%) were affected by atopic dermatitis. Of those, 69/90 (76.6%) had a medical history of spoil habit, 49/90 (54%) had caries, 58/90 (64.4%) had malocclusion disease, 13/90 (14.4%) had anatomical dental abnormalities.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, in the current investigation we found a higher prevalence of atopic dermatitis in pediatric dentistry patients compared to the general population suggesting that dental diseases could be involved in the pathogenesis of AD.


KEY WORDS: Dermatitis, atopic - Dental caries - Child - Tooth diseases

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