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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2021 Jun 09

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.21.11923-8

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Nutcracker Syndrome

Camila FRANCO-MESA 1, Peter GLOVICZKI 2, Young ERBEN 1

1 Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA; 2 Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA


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We provide a concise review of Nutcracker Syndrome with its history, incidence, clinical presentation and currently available diagnostic criteria and treatment options. This should help any clinician identify and better serve patients with rare venous disorders such as this. Although the literature is scarce, clinicians should be keen to diagnose and treat patients with this potentially debilitating syndrome.


KEY WORDS: Nutcracker syndrome; Left flank pain; Hematuria; Varicocele

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