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The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2021 Feb 26

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.21.11677-5


lingua: Inglese

Partial subclavian artery coverage in TEVAR patients for acute type B aortic dissections: an alternative solution

Jesse D. CHAIT, Anil P. HINGORANI, Nikita SINGH , Natalie A. MARKS, Enrico ASCHER

Vascular Institute of New York, Brooklyn, NY, USA


BACKGROUND: Acute type B aortic dissection with origin of the left subclavian artery (LSA) is generally managed with endovascular therapy for acute coverage of the LSA with (a) no revascularization, (b) revascularization with open methods, or (c) endovascular revascularization. To identify an alternative solution, we critically evaluated a small cohort of patients who had partial coverage of their LSA.
METHODS: Three thoracic endovascular repairs were performed from January-March 2015. Patients were deemed eligible for endovascular repair after they had failed conservative management. Indications included acute type B dissection with lower extremity ischemia, ruptured dissection, and persistent symptoms of dissection after medical therapy.
RESULTS: Technical success was achieved in all three patients, and all procedures were performed percutaneously. The mean distance between the ostium of the LSA and the entry point of dissection was 11.1 ± 3.4 mm. Within the 30-day post-operative period, there were no deaths, aortic ruptures, myocardial infarctions, or conversions to open repair. Freedom from re-intervention was noted in all 3 patients. There was no spinal cord ischemia.
CONCLUSIONS: There is no strong evidence to support the current optimal approach for treatment of the thoracic aorta. Partial coverage of LSA in patients with <2 cm seal zones may be considered as an alternative. However, due to our small sample size, limited followup, and lack of comparison cohort, further investigation is necessary.

KEY WORDS: Aneurysm, dissecting, surgery; Aortic aneurysm, thoracic, surgery; Blood vessel prosthesis implantation; Endovascular procedures

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