Home > Riviste > The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery > Fascicoli precedenti > Articles online first > The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2021 Feb 22



Per abbonarsi
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca


Publication history
Per citare questo articolo



The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2021 Feb 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.21.11670-2


lingua: Inglese

Lower hemisternotomy: infrequently used but versatile

Andreas VOETSCH 1, Andreas WINKLER 1, Philipp KROMBHOLZ-REINDL 1, Matthias NEUNER 2, Michael KIRNBAUER 2, Rainald SEITELBERGER 1, Roman GOTTARDI 1, 3

1 Department of Cardiovascular and Endovascular Surgery, Paracelsus Private Medical University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; 2 Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Paracelsus Private Medical University Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; 3 Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Mediclin Heart Insitute Lahr/Baden, Lahr, Germany


BACKGROUND: A lower hemisternotomy is an infrequently used approach in cardiac surgery. This single center report evaluates applicability and clinical outcomes of procedures performed through a lower hemisternotomy.
METHODS: The institutional database was reviewed. From 2014 to 2019, 55 consecutive patients had undergone minimally invasive procedures through a lower hemisternotomy (median follow-up 34 months). Demographic as well as outcome data were retrieved from our prospectively maintained institutional database.
RESULTS: Performed procedures included mitral and tricuspid repairs, aortic valve replacement as well as coronary artery bypass grafting. The median patient age was 72 years. Out of the 55 patients, 55% were male. Predominantly mitral valve procedures (11 isolated, 30 combined) had been performed. Mitral valve procedures (n=41) consisted of 36 repairs and 5 replacements. Repair rate for degenerative mitral insufficiency was 97.6%. Median EuroScore II was 3.4 % [2.1-6.0]. Median cross-clamp time was 67 [44-99] min. Median procedural length was 169 [138-201] min. Reoperation rate for bleeding was 1.8%. Major vascular complications occurred in two patients. Freedom from valve related reoperation was 96.1% during follow-up. 30-day mortality and overall mortality during follow-up was 3.6% and 10.9%.
CONCLUSIONS: In properly selected cases the lower hemisternotomy allows for a variety of cardiac procedures. It permits central aortic cannulation and a direct vision of intracardiac structures and therefore should be kept in mind as an alternative minimally invasive approach.

KEY WORDS: Heart valve; Minimally invasive surgical procedures; Sternotomy

inizio pagina