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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  VASCULAR SECTION 

The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2022 April;63(2):160-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0021-9509.22.12063-X

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Neoaortoiliac system in treating aortic graft infections: a single center long-term experience and review of the literature

Enza L. CASTRONOVO 1 , Daniele BISSACCO 2, Santi TRIMARCHI 3, Roberto MEZZETTI 1

1 Unit of Vascular Surgery, San Marco Polyclinic, Zingonia, Bergamo, Italy; 2 Unit of Vascular Surgery, Foundation IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy; 3 Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy



BACKGROUND: Aortic graft infection represents one of the most challenging and life-threatening complication of surgical and endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies. The aim of this study was to report the results of a single center with in-situ revascularization for the treatment of aortic graft infections using the neo-aorto-iliac system (NAIS) and to review the literature about this surgical technique.
METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our aortic graft infection case series and in-situ revascularization using the neo-aorto-iliac system. The study was conducted from January 2009 to June 2020. The primary outcomes analyzed were early mortality (<30 days), late mortality (>30 days), reinfection rate. Secondary outcomes were the primary patency rate, the secondary patency rate, and the lower limb salvage rate. A literature review of the last twenty years was performed on international medical databases Pubmed (Medline), Scopus and Web of Science.
RESULTS: During study period, 12 patients, all male (median age of 69 years [range: 52-87 years]), underwent to infected graft explantation and revascularization by NAIS using femoral-popliteal veins. Six cases were complicated by aorto-enteric fistulas, five were duodenal and one was colon. Patients spent the immediate postoperative period in the Intensive Care Unit for a median time of 4 days (range: 0-9 days). The median length of hospital stay was 27.5 days (range: 1-66 days). The mean follow-up was 21.5 months (range: 0-120). The 30-day mortality rate was 25% (3 patients) due to postoperative complications. No patient dropped out of the follow-up protocol. The primary patency rate was 92% while the secondary patency rate was 100%. No patient underwent lower limb amputation. Persistence of infection occurred in 1 case (8.3%). Overall Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were 75% for 30 days, 50% for 1 year, 48% for 5 years. Literature analysis identified 19 case series.
CONCLUSIONS: The literature regarding NAIS has low statistical evidence due to retrospective design of the studies. Our results are in agreement with retrospective studies in the literature. When the surgical team is confident with NAIS, this technique should be considered the preferred method, considering an acceptable and comparable mortality rate with other techniques and a better rate of patency, resistance to graft degeneration, recurrent infections and amputation rate.


KEY WORDS: Cardiology; Infections; Survival analysis

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