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REVIEW  UPDATE ON TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH AND DIAGNOSTIC-THERAPEUTIC PATHWAYS IN AUDIOLOGY 

Otorhinolaryngology 2021 September;71(3):218-23

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6302.21.02378-1

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Teleaudiology: remote and self-fitting in hearing devices

Eliana CRISTOFARI 1 , Sergio RAZZA 1, Monica ZACCONE 1, Davide COCOZZA 1, Eleonora SICA 1, 2, Lucilla ERMOLI 3

1 Department of Audiovestibology, ASST Settelaghi Ospedale di Circolo, Varese, Italy; 2 University of Insubria, Varese, Italy; 3 AGUAF Non-Profit Foundation, Varese, Italy



INTRODUCTION: Medicine is the science of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. Managing disease has traditionally meant close contact between the medical practitioner and patient. Information technology has matured to the extent that medical practitioners have new ways to work. Telemedicine is one such innovation, offering the opportunity to support and care for difficult-to-reach patients. It also enables efficient and effective support to patients with disabilities that require long-term rehabilitation. Technology can also be used to promote public healthcare initiatives. Here, dedicated websites and applications provide information to patients and their relatives.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of teleaudiology and remote or self-fitting of hearing devices was performed. A meta-analysis was carried out on studies that met the PRISMA Statement guidelines.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Twenty-two of 229 studies met the PRISMA Statement standard and were included in our review. Most studies concluded that teleaudiology is a key tool in managing the treatment of deaf patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Teleaudiology has already changed how we can treat deafness. The remote control of audiology devices will accelerate this trend. We envisage that artificial intelligence will play a role in both the fitting and checking of devices.


KEY WORDS: Hearing aids; Cochlear implants; Telemedicine; Audiology

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