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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Italian Journal of Dermatology and Venereology 2021 June;156(3):378-83

DOI: 10.23736/S2784-8671.19.06376-4

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Expression of estrogen receptors in Spitz and Reed nevi

Vincenzo PANASITI 1, Mauro BARONE 1, Rosa COPPOLA 1 , Valeria DEVIRGILIIS 1, Vincenzo ROBERTI 1, Paolo PERSICHETTI 1, Simone CAROTTI 2, Sergio MORINI 2

1 Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy; 2 Laboratory of Microscopic and Ultrastructural Anatomy, Campus Bio-Medico University (Hospital), Rome, Italy



BACKGROUND: Estrogens play a key role in the skin. They are associated with an increased production of melanin, proliferation of melanocytes, increased skin thickness and increased cutaneous vascularization. Spitz and Reed nevi are acquired melanocytic lesions that generally develop during childhood or adolescence, a period of changes in sex hormones background. Our study project aimed at investigating, through immunohistochemical analysis, the expression levels of ERß receptors and their expression patterns (cytoplasmic or nuclear) in Spitz and Reed nevi.
METHODS: In our study, we collected a total of 86 melanocytic lesions of patients: of these, 16 were common nevi, 23 were Spitz nevi, 18 were Reed nevi and 29 were melanomas. Expression curves for estrogen receptors were constructed using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared using a log-rank test. Statistical analysis was performed using MedCalc® (MedCalc Software, Ostend, Belgium). Immunohistochemical analysis on all histological sections of nevi and melanomas was performed to evaluate the expression levels of of ERß and their expression patterns (cytoplasmic or nuclear). The agreement between the operators was calculated using Fleiss κ values.
RESULTS: The correlation between immunoreactivity for the β-estrogen receptor and the sex of patients with Spitz and Reed nevi showed that immunoreactivity was higher in male patients. The correlation between β-estrogen receptor immunoreactivity and patient age for Spitz and Reed nevi showed no statistically significant correlation. Correlation between immunoreactivity for the β-estrogen receptor and histotype: Spitz and Reed nevi showed a high intensity, while in common nevi and in melanomas the immunoreactive was low. The correlation between receptor immunoreactivity for β estrogens and Breslow thickness in melanomas indicated that Breslow thickness of non-immunoreactive melanomas for ERβ was much higher than those showing high immunoreactivity for this receptor.
CONCLUSIONS: Spitz and Reed nevi express a higher immunoreactivity for estrogens than common nevi and melanomas, especially those with a high Breslow thickness; and immunoreactivity is higher in younger age groups.


KEY WORDS: Estrogens; Nevus, epithelioid and spindle cell; Melanoma

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