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REVIEW  CURRENT AND FUTURE ORAL THERAPIES FOR PSORIASIS AND PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS Freefree

Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2020 August;155(4):386-99

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.20.06640-7

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Apremilast and its role in psoriatic arthritis

Vijay K. SANDHU 1, Lihi EDER 2, 3, Jensen YEUNG 3, 4, 5, 6

1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; 2 Division of Rheumatology, Women’s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; 3 Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; 4 Division of Dermatology, Women’s College Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada; 5 Division of Dermatology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada; 6 Probity Medical Research Inc., Waterloo, ON, Canada



Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a seronegative inflammatory arthritis often observed in patients with skin psoriasis. Treatment of PsA, especially peripheral PsA, has typically relied on disease-modifying anti-rheumatic agents (DMARDs); however, these agents have limited efficacy and considerable associated toxicity. More recently, monoclonal antibodies (biologic agents) have revolutionized management of immune-mediated diseases; however, these therapies carry a high cost and require parenteral administration. Apremilast, a novel oral DMARD, was approved by the European Union for psoriatic arthritis in 2015. Apremilast inhibits the function of phosphodiesterase-4, a regulator of cyclic adenosine monophosphate, leading to a broad inhibition of proinflammatory mediators and subsequent reduction in tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) response. The PALACE and ACTIVE trials, phase III randomized controlled trials for apremilast, showed that apremilast is effective at improving various clinical and patient-reported outcome measures for psoriatic arthritis in both DMARD-naïve and DMARD-experienced PsA patients. Efficacy was limited in patients with previous biologic DMARD failure and the overall efficacy of apremilast appears to be less than biologics agents, though no head-to-head trials exist comparing apremilast to biologic DMARDs. Apremilast is generally well tolerated, with short-lived gastrointestinal side effects being the most commonly reported adverse events. Guidelines suggest a trial of apremilast in patients who have failed traditional oral DMARDs and for whom, biologics are contraindicated. More studies directly comparing apremilast to conventional DMARDs and biologic DMARDs are needed and will be crucial in informing clinical and economic decisions about apremilast role in management of PsA.


KEY WORDS: Apremilast; Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors; Psoriatic arthritis; Autoimmune diseases; Antirheumatic agents

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