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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2015 June;150(3):303-8


lingua: Inglese

A comprehensive health impact assessment and determinants of quality of life, health and psychological status in acne patients

Pagliarello C., Di Pietro C., Tabolli S.

Health Services Research Unit, Istituto Dermopatico dell’Immacolata, IRCCS, Rome, Italy


AIM: Acne adversely affects all aspects of quality of life (QoL). Although many papers assessed acne-specific QoL impairment, there are few data on its impact on general health and psychological status. Apart from acne severity, little is known about determinants of a worse QoL. The aims of this paper were to measure acne impact on QoL, health and psychological status and to analyze the relationship between socio-demographic variables, disease severity and mental status on QoL of acne sufferers.
METHODS: Acne cases were selected from a survey conducted in 2010. The Short-Form 12-Item Health Survey and the Skindex-29 were used to assess health status and QoL. The 12-Items General Health Questionnaire was used to identify individuals at risk for non-psychotic psychiatric disorders (GHQ-positive). Physician (PhGA) and patient global assessments were obtained. We investigated the variables involved in the QoL through a logistic regression analysis.
RESULTS: One hundred ninety-five cases were analyzed. Twenty-six percent were GHQ-positive; acne’s impact on health status was worse compared to other chronic diseases. A GHQ-positive status (Skindex-29 overall: OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.20-5.60, P<0.05, functioning: OR 2.5; 95% CI 1.17-5.44, P<0.05, symptoms: OR 3.0; 95% CI 1.36-6.53, P<0.01; emotions: OR 2.55; 95% CI 1.19-5.46, P<0.05) and having a severe/very severe PhGA (Skindex-29 overall: OR 3.4; 95% CI 1.20-10.38, P<0.05) were associated with a poor QoL. Age of onset >25 was linked to being GHQ-positive (OR 2.92; 95% CI 1.2-7.1, P<0.05) controlling for gender, marital status and educational level.
CONCLUSION: Acne is not a minor disease in comparison with other chronic conditions. Age of onset is capable to influence GHQ status which in turn affects QoL.

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