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REVIEW  LATEST FRONTIERS OF HEMODYNAMICS, IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF OBSTRUCTIVE VENOUS DISEASE 

Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2018 June;25(2):190-8

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4777.18.01342-6

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency

Paolo ZAMBONI 1, 2 , Erica MENEGATTI 1, 2, Roberto GALEOTTI 3, Fabrizio SALVI 4

1 Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Vascular Diseases Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; 2 Unit of Translational Surgery and Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; 3 Unit of Interventional Radiology, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; 4 IRCCS of Neurosciences, Bellaria Hospital, Bologna, Italy


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Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a condition characterized by impaired venous drainage of the brain and spinal cord as a result of outflow obstruction in the extracranial venous system, mainly caused by intraluminal obstacles, defective valves, hypoplasia, and/or compression of the internal jugular veins and/or azygos vein. The knowledge about the pathology characterizing the jugular venous wall in CCSVI condition has been recently increased by a number of papers.


KEY WORDS: Jugular veins - Venous insufficiency - Multimodal imaging

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