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REVIEW  LATEST FRONTIERS OF HEMODYNAMICS, IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF OBSTRUCTIVE VENOUS DISEASE 

Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2018 June;25(2):124-31

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4777.18.01335-9

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Inferior vena cava syndrome and malignancy

Santi TRIMARCHI 1 , Domenico SPINELLI 2, Filippo BENEDETTO 2

1 Thoracic Aortic Research Center, Policlinico San Donato IRCCS, University of Milan, San Donato Milanese, Milano, Italy; 2 Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphological and Functional Imaging, Policlinico G. Martino, University of Messina, Messina, Italy


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Tumors can give rise to inferior vena cava syndrome through different mechanisms. The tumor can obstruct the blood flow by compressing the vena cava ab extrinseco, by invading the venous wall, or by growing in- side as tumor thrombus. The primary tumor is the leiomyosarcoma, while secondary tumors include many kinds. This review concerns the diagnosis of inferior vena cava syndrome and malignancy, as well as the current surgical treatments and their outcomes.


KEY WORDS: Vena cava, inferior - Neoplasms - Surgical procedures, operative - Diagnosis

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