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REVIEW  LATEST FRONTIERS OF HEMODYNAMICS, IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF OBSTRUCTIVE VENOUS DISEASE 

Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2018 June;25(2):102-12

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4777.18.01333-5

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Venous thoracic outlet syndrome

John BLEBEA 1 , Judy S. BLEBEA 2

1 Department of Surgery, Central Michigan University College of Medicine, Saginaw, MI, USA; 2 Department of Radiology, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK, USA


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Venous thoracic outlet syndrome involves compression in the costoclavicular space and thrombosis of the subclavian vein inside a triangle bordered by the first rib, clavicle and the costoclavicular ligament. An understanding of the anatomical relationships and hemodynamics of this condition as well as appropriate imaging techniques is important for the proper diagnosis and treatment of this relatively rare syndrome. This article provides a concise, up-to-date review of venous thoracic outlet syndrome including its presentation, diagnosis, treatment options and a summary of current reporting standards.


KEY WORDS: Thoracic outlet syndrome - Diagnosis - Therapeutics - Review

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