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REVIEW  LATEST FRONTIERS OF HEMODYNAMICS, IMAGING AND TREATMENT OF OBSTRUCTIVE VENOUS DISEASE 

Italian Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2018 June;25(2):75-81

DOI: 10.23736/S1824-4777.18.01330-X

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Hemodynamics and volume changes of the venous system

Paolo ZAMBONI 1, 2 , Mirko TESSARI 1, 2

1 Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Vascular Diseases Center, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; 2 Unit of Translational Surgery, Vascular Diseases Center, University Hospital of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy


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The venous system is aimed to drain tissues, to modulate thermoregulation, and to refill the heart regardless of posture or muscular activity. The organs of the venous system are the pathways that transport the blood from microcirculation to the right atrium, and the pumps, respectively cardiac, respiratory and valvulo-muscular, that move it. This article revises the physiological mechanisms of blood distribution and blood motion within the venous system.


KEY WORDS: Hemodynamics - Veins - Blood circulation

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