Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > Articles online first > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2022 Mar 25

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

Publishing options
eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as
Share

 

Original Article   

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2022 Mar 25

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.22.13445-6

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Foot strike patterns and running-related injuries among high school runners: a retrospective study

Haruhiko GOTO 1, 2 , Suguru TORII 3

1 Graduate School of Sports Science, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan; 2 Gifu pref. Sports Science Center, Gifu, Japan; 3 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa, Japan


PDF


BACKGROUND: There is a possible relationship between foot strike patterns and running-related injuries; however, this relationship among high school runners remains uninvestigated. Therefore, this retrospective cohort study examined this relationship among high school runners.
METHODS: Overall, 123 male Japanese high school runners participated in this study and completed a questionnaire regarding their characteristics, running habits, and running-related injury (RRI) histories. We filmed their habitual high-intensity training sessions from a lateral side. Participants’ foot strike patterns were visually classified, and they were divided into the non-rearfoot strike (forefoot strike and midfoot strike) and rearfoot strike groups. An independent sample t-test or Welch’s t-test was used to compare participant characteristics, running habits, the number of running-related injuries in the past 1 year, and the running speed at the filmed training sessions between both groups. A Chi-square test was used to examine the relationship between running-related injury histories and foot strike patterns in both groups.
RESULTS: The number of running-related injuries in the past 1 year was not significantly different between both groups; however, RRI incidence was significantly associated wit non-rearfoot strike (p<0.05). Furthermore, non-rearfoot strike was significantly associated with a history of achillodynia (p<0.05). Other running-related injuries, such as medial tibial pain, lateral knee pain, and heel pain, were not significantly associated with foot strike patterns.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that rearfoot strike runners did not have a higher risk of running-related injury compared to that of non-rearfoot strike runners, and that non-rearfoot strike was associated with achillodynia.


KEY WORDS: Running; Athletic injuries; Sports Medicine; Foot strike pattern; Forefoot strike; Midfoot strike; Rearfoot strike; Achillodynia

top of page