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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2022 Feb 18

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.22.13372-4


language: English

Impact of long-duration adventure racing on hydration status, blood electrolytes and biomarkers of kidney function in trained adolescent athletes

Anthony BIRAT 1, 2, Yoann M. GARNIER 1, Pierre BOURDIER 1, 3, Alexis DUPUY 1, Alexandre DODU 2, Claire GROSSOEUVRE 2, Anne-Charlotte DUPONT 2, Mélanie RANCE 5, Claire MOREL 5, Stéphane NOTTIN 6, Sébastien RATEL 1

1 Université Clermont Auvergne, AME2P, Clermont-Ferrand, France; 2 Fédération Française Triathlon, Saint Denis, France; 3 Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, IPHC UMR 7178, Strasbourg, France; 4 Imagerie Adaptative Diagnostique et Interventionnelle (ADI), U1254 INSERM, Université de Lorraine, CHRU de Nancy Brabois, Bâtiment Recherche, Nancy, France; 5 Centre de Ressources et d’Expertise de la Performance Sportive (CREPS), Bellerive-sur-Allier, France; 6 Université Avignon, LAPEC, Avignon, France


INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the biochemical consequences of endurance activities in adolescents. The present study aimed to examine the impact of a long-duration adventure race (> 5 h) on hydration status, blood electrolytes and biomarkers of kidney function in adolescent athletes.
METHODS: Twenty male adolescents aged 14 to 17 y (mean±SD; body mass: 59.7±9.1 kg and maximal O2 uptake: 56.2±4.6 mL∙kg-1∙min-1) volunteered to participate in a competitive adventure race of 68.5 km. Volunteers could drink ad libitum and fluid intake was monitored throughout the race. Blood samples were collected before, within 15 min after, and 24 h after the race to monitor blood electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride), creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Body mass and urine specific gravity (USG) were also measured across the same time points.
RESULTS: The race was completed on average in 05:38±00:20 h:min under cold and rainy conditions (10-15°C and 83-93% of relative humidity). Fluid intake was 1.45±0.66 L and body mass decreased by 1.2% compared to before the race (p < 0.001). Blood sodium concentrations remained stable after the race (140.4±2.1 mmol∙L-1) despite an expansion in the plasma volume of 8.9±15.6%. No significant variations in BUN or BUN-to-creatinine ratio occurred. A significant increase in creatinine (+13.5%, p = 0.003) was observed immediately after the race but remained within the reference range.
CONCLUSIONS: The long-duration race completed under cold and humid conditions seems not to have exposed adolescents to hypohydration, hyponatremia or clinically significant alterations in kidney function.

KEY WORDS: Endurance exercise; Young athletes; Hyponatremia; Sodium; Health

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