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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Oct 15

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12894-4

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Body composition changes during the lockdown-restart transition due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in a group of professional football players

Giovanna GHIANI 1 , Silvana ROBERTO 1, Roberto MURA 2, Francesco FOIS 2, Marco SCORCU 2, Antonio CRISAFULLI 1

1 Sports Physiology Lab., Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy; 2 Cagliari Calcio medical team, Cagliari, Italy


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BACKGROUND: At the beginning of March 2020, because of the ongoing pandemic, all sport events were suspended in Italy. The Italian Serie A league abruptly interrupted all competitions and teams could not train in a group anymore. These containment measures were gradually eased in May. The aim of this study was to ascertain the impact of the lockdown-restart transition on the body composition of a group of Italian footballers of a Serie A team during the pandemic.
METHODS: The body composition of 18 male football players (age27.6 ± 4.5 yr.) from an Italian Serie A team was studied by bioelectrical impedance (BIA). Measures were conducted after lockdown, when they restarted to train in group with the ball (T0), and after the first regular match (T1).
RESULTS: Results show that there were no changes in body mass, body mass index, fat mass, fat-free mass, and total body water between T0 and T1. Differently, intracellular water, extracellular water, and phase angle were changed.
CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that the lockdown did not have any impact in athletes’ body composition as they kept training at home. Moreover, the BIA method was able to detect subtle signals of shift in body water compartments (intra cellular and extra cellular water) likely due to the different kind of training conducted during and after the lockdown.


KEY WORDS: Lockdown; Phase angle; Soccer; Body composition

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