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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Jun 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12349-7


language: English

Acute effects of whole-body vibrations on the fatigue induced by multiple repeated sprint ability test in soccer players

Giuseppe ANNINO 1, 2, 3 , Vincenzo MANZI 4, Paolo BUSELLI 5, Bruno RUSCELLO 2, Fabrizio FRANCESCHETTI 6, Cristian ROMAGNOLI 2, 7, Franco COTELLI 8, Maurizio CASASCO 9, Elvira PADUA 2, 10, Ferdinando IELLAMO 11,12

1 Department of Medicine Systems, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 2 School of Human Movement Science, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 3 Centro di Biomedicina Spaziale, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 4 Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche, Università Telematica Pegaso, Naples, Italy; 5 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Department, Hospital Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona, Cremona, Italy; 6 S.P.A.L. 2013 s.r.l., Ferrara, Italy; 7 Department for Life Quality Studies, University of Bologna, Rimini, Italy; 8 High Performance Lab, S. Caterina Valfurva, Sondrio, Italy; 9 Italian Federation of Sport Medicine, Rome, Italy; 10 Department of Science and Human Promotion of the Quality of Life, San Raffaele University online, Rome, Italy; 11 Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy; 12 Scientific Institute of Research and Care, San Raffaele Pisana, Rome, Italy


BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that Whole Body Vibration (WBV) positively affects the fatigue process ensuing from repeated bouts of maximal efforts, as induced by repeated sprints ability (RSA). Eleven male soccer players performed three sets of six repeated shuttle sprints (40 metres).
METHODS: Eleven male soccer players (age 23,6±4,5 years) were cross-randomized to perform WBW before RSA and during the recovery between sets (WBV-with) or to warm-up and passive recovery between sets (WBV-without). The effects of WBV were quantified by sprint time (ST) and blood lactate concentration (LA), collected up to 15th min after completion of tests.
RESULTS: ST during RSA showed a better maintenance of performance in the WBV-with compared to WBV-without condition in all three sets, reaching a statistical significance between-groups during the 2nd and 3rd set (P< 0.05). No significant differences in ST over the sets were detected in WBVwith, whereas a significant decrease was observed in the WBV-without condition (P<0.001). LA recovered significantly faster from the 9th to 15th minute of recovery in WBV-with as compared to WBV-without (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: These findings would indicate that WBV performed during recovery between RSA sets is capable of delaying the onset of muscle fatigue resulting in a better maintenance of sprint performance.

KEY WORDS: Muscle vibration; Neuromuscular adaptations; Exercise recovery; Anaerobic training

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