Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > Articles online first > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 May 24

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as
Share

 

 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 May 24

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12468-5

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effect of COVID-19 confinement on physical activity patterns in relation to sociodemographic parameters in Spanish population

Jerónimo ARAGÓN-VELA 1 , Pedro DELGADO-FLOODY 2, Iris P. GUZMÁN-GUZMÁN 3, Jesús SALAS-SÁNCHEZ 4, Melchor MARTÍNEZ-REDONDO 5, Manuel LUCENA ZURITA 6, Julio HERRADOR SÁNCHEZ 7, Antonio J. CARDONA LINARES 7, Pedro J. CONSUEGRA GONZÁLEZ 8, María A. SANTOS E CAMPOS 8, Ana de la CASA-PÉREZ 8, Felipe CAAMAÑO-NAVARRETE 9, Daniel de la CRUZ MANJÓN-POZAS 6, Carmen LATORRE-SEVILLA 8, Pedro A. LATORRE-ROMÁN 8, Juan A. PÁRRAGA-MONTILLA 8

1 Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports (NEXS), University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; 2 Department of Physical Education, Sport and Recreation, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile; 3 Faculty of Chemical-Biological Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Guerrero, México; 4 Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Chile; 5 Consejería de Educación de Andalucía, CEIP Doctor Fleming, Malaga, Spain; 6 Sagrada Familia University Center, attached to the University of Jaén, Úbeda, Spain; 7 Department of Sport and Informatics, University of Pablo de Olavide, Sevilla, Spain; 8 Department of Didactics of Corporal Expression, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain; 9 Faculty of Education, Universidad Católica de Temuco, Temuco, Chile


PDF


BACKGROUND: The main purpose of the present study was to determine the socio demographic parameters associated to physical activity (PA) patterns changes during the COVID-19 lockdown in the Spanish population.
METHODS: Participants were recruited by sending a survey through various social network channels via the snowball method. A voluntary sample of 2430 individuals consisting of 1,203 men and 1,227 women (aged between 18 to 73 years old) from the Spanish national territory participated in this study. An online survey was performed to collect the information, which was tested through ad hoc analysis with different socio-demographic variables. Participants were a median of 34 years old (18-73 years old) with a mean BMI of 23.6 kg/m2.
RESULTS: The risk factors associated with the change in PA hours during confinement showed that to do sports (β; -56.88, 95%CI; -79.35 to -34.40, P <0.001), male sex (β - 34.78, 95%CI;-54.02 to -15.52, P<0.001) and the educational level (i.e., elementary school category) (β; -54.21, 95%CI;-89.10 to -19.32, P= 0.002) reported negative changes with hours of PA during confinement. By the contrary, the employment status (passive work) and to be student reported positive association (i.e., increase PA hours per week).
CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 lockdown led to a reduction PA patterns in Spanish population. Mostly men showed a drastic decrease in hours of PA compared to the women's group. Likewise, the groups of people with elementary and high education showed a decrease in hours of weekly PA, as well as unemployed people.


KEY WORDS: Sex; Employment status; Education levels; Pandemic; Physical activity

top of page