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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Apr 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12390-4


language: English

Home-based training program during the SARS-CoV- 2 quarantine: training load, motivation, and wellbeing in professional elite female basketball players

Luciane MOSCALESKI 1, 2, 3, Ana C. PALUDO 4, Valéria L. PANISSA 5, Simone I. de LIMA 3, Alexandre H. OKANO 1, 2, Alexandre MOREIRA 2, 5

1 Center of Mathematics, Computation and Cognition, Federal University of ABC, São Bernardo do Campo, SP, Brazil; 2 Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology (BRAINN/CEPID-FAPESP), University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil; 3 Santo André Female Basketball Club, Santo André, SP, Brazil; 4 Department of Physical Education, Midwest State University of Paraná, Guarapuava, PR, Brazil; 5 Department of Sport, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil


BACKGROUND: due to the quarantine caused by the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), professional team-sports adapted their training routine to maintain the athletes' performance and minimize the negative emotional effects. The purpose of the present study was to describe a home-based training program and extra-activities applied during the quarantine in elite professional female basketball players, and to compare the internal training load (ITL), session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE), motivation, and wellbeing responses before and during the quarantine.
METHODS: nine female elite players (25.7 ± 7.0 years; 180.0 ± 8.0 cm; 79.0 ± 11.0 kg) belonging to a professional basketball team performed a home-based training program during the quarantine. ITL, s-RPE, training motivation, and wellbeing were examined before (phase 1), at the beginning (phase 2), and during (phase 3) of the quarantine.
RESULTS: ITL was higher (main effect) in phase 1 (449.5 ± 62.8 a.u.) compared to phase 2 (265.5 ± 39.0 a.u.) and phase 3 (423.1 ± 18.7 a.u.); s-RPE was higher in phase 1 (4.50 ± 0.63 a.u.) compared to phase 2 (3.8 ± 0.6 a.u.), but not to phase 3 (4.37 ± 0.79 a.u.). Motivation was higher in phase 1 (3.6 ± 0.3 a.u.) compared to phase 2 (2.3 ± 0.6 a.u.) and phase 3 (2.4 ± 0.5 a.u.).
CONCLUSIONS: in conclusion, the results of the study demonstrated that extra-activities involving online athletes' socialization were implemented to rouse the motivation, but the quarantine period induced a reduction in ITL and influenced the player's training motivation.

KEY WORDS: Athletes; Home-based training; Motivation; Quarantine; Wellbeing.

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