Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > Articles online first > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Apr 19



To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Publication history
Cite this article as



The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Apr 19

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12049-3


language: English

Comparison of traditional and accommodating resistance training with chains on muscular adaptations in young men

Hamid ARAZI 1 , Majid MOHAMMADI 2, Abbas ASADI 3, João P. NUNES 4, G. Gregory HAFF 5

1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran; 2 Department of Physical Education, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran; 3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran; 4 Metabolism, Nutrition, and Exercise Laboratory, Physical Education and Sport Center, Londrina State University, Londrina, Brazil; 5 School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia


BACKGROUND: Providing accommodating resistance with the use of chains (CRT) is a programming technique that may enhance muscle size, strength, and power. However, there is a paucity of studies comparing the responses to CRT and traditional resistance training (TRT) approaches. This study aimed to examine the effects of 8 weeks of CRT and TRT on muscular adaptations in young recreationally-trained men.
METHODS: Thirty men (26 ± 4 y) volunteered to participate in the present study and were randomly assigned to either CRT (n = 10), TRT (n = 10), or a non-exercise control group (CG, n = 10). A resistancetraining program (3-4 sets, ~8-12 repetitions at 65-80% of 1RM) was performed three times a week for 8 weeks. Percentage body fat, arm and thigh circumferences, 1RM and endurance (number of repetitions to failure 60% of 1RM) strength tests in the back squat and bench press exercises, and vertical jump power were assessed before and after the intervention.
RESULTS: Following the intervention, both training groups demonstrated improvements in strength compared to CG, where greater gains were observed for CRT (e.g., bench press 1RM: CRT=28%; TRT=19% / back squat endurance: CRT=8%; TRT=2%).
CONCLUSIONS: The use of chains during resistance training may promote greater gains in strength in young men.

KEY WORDS: Strength training; Performance; Variable resistance; Hypertrophy

top of page