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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Mar 26

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12036-5

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Differences in the vertical and horizontal force-velocity profile between academy and senior professional rugby league players, and the implications for strength and speed training

Nick DOBBIN 1 , Simon CUSHMAN 2, Jon CLARKE 3, Jakes BATSFORD 4, Craig TWIST 5

1 Department of Health Professions, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK; 2 Department of Sport and Public Services, Reaseheath College, Reaseheath, UK; 3 Performance Department, Rugby Football Union, Twickenham, UK; 4 Performance Department, Salford Red Devils Rugby League Football Club, Salford, UK; 5 Department of Sport and Exercise Science, University of Chester, Chester, UK


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BACKGROUND: This study compared the vertical and horizontal force-velocity (FV) profile of academy and senior rugby league players.
METHODS: Nineteen senior and twenty academy players from one professional club participated in this study. The vertical FV profile was determined using a series of loaded squat jumps (0.4 to 80 kg) with jump height recorded. The horizontal FV profile involved a 30-m over-ground sprint with split times recorded at 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 m. Theoretical maximal force (F0), velocity (V0) and power (Pmax), optimal F0 and V0, and activity specific variables (e.g. vertical FV imbalance) were determined.
RESULTS: Absolute F0 and Pmax from the vertical and horizontal profile were moderately different between groups (standardised mean difference (SMD) = 0.64-1.20, P <0.001-0.026), whilst for V0, differences were small (SMD = 0.33-0.41, P = 0.149-0.283). Differences in relative F0, Pmax and optimal F0 during both assessments were trivial to moderate (SMD = 0.03-0.82, P = 0.021-0.907).
CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight senior and academy players present with different FV profiles and highlight some potential developmental opportunities for senior and academy rugby league players that sport scientists, strength and conditioning and rugby coaches can implement when designing programmes and considering long-term athlete development.


KEY WORDS: Collision sport; Sprint mechanics; Jump mechanics; Team sport; Training implications

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