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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Mar 15

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12464-8

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Fitness components associated with performance of a law enforcement physical employment standard in police cadets

Sébastien POIRIER 1, 2, Annie GENDRON 2, Philippe GENDRON 1, Claude LAJOIE 1

1 Département des Sciences de l’Activité Physique, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, Canada; 2 Centre de Recherche et de Développement Stratégique, École Nationale de Police du Québec, Nicolet, Canada


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BACKGROUND: The physical preparation of cadets for both PES and police job performance is a major concern for police organisations. Identifying fitness components associated with both PES performance and work performance can provide essential information for the physical training of police cadets. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the association of fitness components with performance of the Standardized Physical Abilities Test (SPAT), a new law enforcement PES.
METHODS: A sample of 41 police cadets was recruited to take part in this cross-sectional study. First, the participants were assessed using six fitness assessments (standing broad jump, medicine ball put, grip strength test, visuomotor reaction time (VMRT) test, modified agility T-test, and 600-meter run). In a second experiment, participants performed the SPAT.
RESULTS: Bivariate correlation analysis showed moderate to strong associations between each fitness assessment and SPAT performance. Based on stepwise multiple regression analysis, results at the VMRT test, the medicine ball put, and the agility T-test accounted for 66.0% of the variability in SPAT performance (R2 = 0.660; p < .001).
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our results suggest that exercise prescriptions for police cadets should focus on power, agility, and VMRT. Furthermore, our results show that performance in a PES can be estimated rather precisely based on low-cost fitness assessments. Therefore, such methodology could be used to develop fitness assessments specific to PES requirements.


KEY WORDS: Law enforcement; Physical employment standard; Police training

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