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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 Mar 05

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12198-X

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Impact of social isolation on the level of physical activity in young Brazilian athletes caused by COVID-19

Luíz F. da SILVA 1 , Paulo F. de ALMEIDA-NETO 1, Alexandre BULHÕES-CORREIA, Victor S. de QUEIROS 1, Dihogo G. MATOS 2, 3, Paulo M. SILVA DANTAS 1, Breno G. de ARAUJO TINOCO CABRAL 1

1 Health Sciences Center, Department of Physical Education - Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, UFRN, Natal, Brazil; 2 Cardiovascular & Physiology of Exercise Laboratory, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada; 3 Group of Studies and Research of Performance, Sport, Health and Paralympic Sports GEPEPS, the Federal University of Sergipe, UFS, São Cristovão Sergipe, Brazil


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Social detachment to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemics in the year 2020 can significantly contribute to the physical inactivity of citizens worldwide. The study aimed to analyze the level of physical activity by identifying the training methods used during the social isolation resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Sixty-eight Brazilian athletes (both sex, 14.7 ± 1.68 years) answered and adapted the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (I-PAQ) through an online platform. Participants were asked to report their level of physical activity before and during the period of social distance. 67.7% of the interviewed athletes said they were able to adapt their sports training to the isolation environment under the guidance of a distance physical education professional. Only 4.38% of the sample was not training under such supervision and, therefore, inactive. Among the activities performed in the isolation environment, calisthenics was the primary practice (Effect Size: ƒ2 = 0.50, p <0.0001) and the sport practiced at home was the secondary practice (Effect Size: ƒ2 = 0.27, p = 0.004). During the pandemic, the training hours of athletes reduced significantly from ~ 3h to ~ 1h per day (Effect size: 1.74, p <0.0001), as well as, the perceived intensity decreased from “high” to “moderate” (Effect size: 1.38, p <0.0001). The weekly training frequency decreased from ~ 6 to 7 days to ~ 3 to 5 days (Effect size: 0.40, p = 0.03). Therefore, despite the social distance and the reduced pace of training, the young Brazilian athletes analyzed managed to remain physically active during the COVID-19 pandemic.


KEY WORDS: COVID-19; Sedentary behavior; Athletes; Physical exercise

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