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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 Dec 18

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11601-3


language: English

Effects of conventional and sugar-free energy drinks intake in runners: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled crossover clinical trial

Hamilton H. REIS 1 , Luciana M. LIMA 2, Victória E. REIS 3, Rômulo J. MOTA-JÚNIOR 1, Duílio T. SOARES-JÚNIOR 1, Manuel SILLERO-QUINTANA 4, Heather E. RASMUSSEN 3, Miguel A. CARNEIRO-JÚNIOR 1, João B. MARINS 1

1 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil; 2 Department of Medicine and Nursing, Federal University of Viçosa, Viçosa, Brazil; 3 Nutrition & Health Sciences Department, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA; 4 Sports Department Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain


BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of two types of energy drinks (ED) intake in trained runners.
METHODS: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted over 6 weeks. Participants and beverages were allocated by randomization. Twelve men [23 ± 2.6 years, 177 ± 3.4 cm, 74.4 ± 5.5 kg, VO2max = 59.8 ± 5.5 ml·(kg.min)-1] ingested either a conventional energy drink containing carbohydrates and 3 mg·kg-1 of caffeine, (ED1), a sugar-free energy drink 3 mg·kg-1 of caffeine (ED2), or a carbohydrate-containing, decaffeinated placebo (PL) 40-minutes before an exercise protocol. Sprint time, rate of perceived exertion (RPE), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), blood pressure (BP), heart rate and plasmatic glucose were evaluated during the experimental protocol.
RESULTS: Performance improved after consuming both ED (p <0.004 ED1 and p = 0.001 ED2) with lower RPE (p <0.05 for ED1 and p<0.05 for ED2) compared to PL. Consumption of ED2 decreased RER values at 0-5 minutes and 40-45 minutes (p <0.001), and ED1 increased systolic blood pressure (p<0.05) during exercise compared to PL. There were no differences in the evaluated parameters between EDs (p>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of conventional or sugar free ED represents a valid ergogenic strategy to improve acute performance with reduction of RPE. However, intake of a conventional ED warrants caution, mainly because the effects on systolic blood pressure.

KEY WORDS: Caffeine; Taurine; Sports nutritional physiology; Sports performance; Nutritional quality

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