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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 Dec 14

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11551-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Estimated physical fitness and sociability. An interdisciplinary pilot study among French students

Alessandro PORROVECCHIO 1 , Philippe MASSON 2, Irina BRUMBOIU 3, Carl KUEHN 1, Thierry PEZE 1, Rémy HURDIEL 1

1 Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, Univ. Lille, Univ. Artois, ULR 7369 - URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, Dunkerque, France; 2 Univ. Lille, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, ULR 7369 - URePSSS - Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, Lille, France; 3 Epidemiology Department, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania


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BACKGROUND: The aim of this pilot study is to explore the main social factors influencing estimated physical fitness.
METHODS: During the academic year of 2014/2015, 909 students from two French universities of the Hauts-de-France region completed a study including standardized anonymous self-reported questionnaires. Data were related to age, sex, social class, physical activity, social life and sociability. Physical fitness estimation was assessed through a validated VO2max questionnaire.
RESULTS: A total of 749 17 to 24-year-old students were included. The mean age was 19.58. The sample was composed mainly of girls (59.68 %). The mean estimated VO2max was 39.30 (±2.29 SD) for males and 32.79 (± 2.56 SD) for girls. Some significant dependence and risk factors were found between estimated PF and some sociocultural aspects.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows the importance of the socialization environment. The role, the age and the employment status of the parents are significant as they are a reference for the practice of sports and physical activities. The level of independence and sociability is strongly correlated to estimated physical fitness. These findings stress the need to develop a more holistic study, based on comprehensive and interdisciplinary approaches.


KEY WORDS: Physical fitness; Exercise; Sports; Oxygen consumption; Social isolation; Social determinants of health; Students; Public health; Sedentary behaviour

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