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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 Dec 03

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11815-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Face Pain scale and Borg scale compared to physiological parameters during cardiopulmonary exercise testing

Shinichiro MORISHITA 1 , Atsuhiro TSUBAKI 1, Kazuki HOTTA 1, Tatsuro INOUE 1, Weixiang QIN 1, Sho KOJIMA 1, Jack B. FU 2, Hideaki ONISHI 1

1 Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan; 2 Department of Palliative, Rehabilitation & Integrative Medicine, University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA


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OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences between the Face Pain and Borg scales for rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in healthy adults, and their relationships with work rate (watts), heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake (VO2), and minute ventilation (VE).
METHODS: In this prospective observational study, two experiments were conducted. In Experiment 1, 77 healthy adults were randomly assigned to either the group using the Face Pain scale (19 men, 18 women) or using the Borg scale (21 men, 19 women) for the RPE during CPET. In Experiment 2, 40 healthy adults (20 men, 20 women) used both the Face Pain and Borg scales for the RPE during CPET. In both experiments, CPET was performed on ramp protocols with incremental increases in the work rate by 20 watts/minute. Their responses in terms of watts, HR, VO2, VE, and RPE (assessed using the Face Pain scale or Borg scale) were recorded each minute.
RESULTS: There were significant relationships between the two scales and all physiological variables during CPET in 74 out of the 77 participants in Experiment 1 and in all subjects in Experiment 2 (p < 0.05). The correlation coefficient of the Face Pain scale with respect to the physi ological 1 parameters was slightly lower than that of Borg scale in both experiments (p < 0.05). The Face Pain scale had a significant correlation with the Borg scale during CPET in Experiment 2 (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: The Face Pain scale may be useful for determining the intensity of exercise in healthy adults, similar to the Borg scale.


KEY WORDS: Exercise load; Minute ventilation; Oxygen uptake; Face pain scale; Borg scale

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