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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 Nov 04

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11302-1

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Swimming exercise transiently decrease lung diffusing capacity in elite swimmers

Iker GARCÍA 1, 2 , Franchek DROBNIC 3, Victoria PONS 2, Gines VISCOR 1

1 Secció de Fisiología, Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 2 Departament de Fisiología i Nutrició, Centre d’Alt Rendiment (CAR), Sant Cugat del Vallés, Barcelona, Spain; 3 Medical Services Shenhua Greenland FC, Shanghai, China


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BACKGROUND: Swimmers have larger lungs and a higher diffusion capacity than other athletes, but it remains unknown whether swimming exercise changes lung diffusing properties. This study aimed to evaluate modifications in pulmonary alveolar-capillary diffusion after swimming exercise.
METHODS: The participants were 21 elite level swimmers, including 7 females and 14 males, with a training volume of 45-70 kilometres of swimming per week. The singlebreath method was used to measure the lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO and the transfer coefficient of the lungs for carbon monoxide (KCO) before and after 10 training sessions over 4 weeks along 207 pre- to post- evaluations.
RESULTS: Swimming training consistently decreased lung diffusion capacity during the follow-up period, both DLCO (44.4 ± 8.1 to 43.3 ± 8.9 mL·min-1·mmHg-1, P = 0.047, ŋ2p = 0.55) and KCO (5.92 ± 0.79 to 5.70 ± 0.81 mL·min-1·mmHg-1·L-1, P = 0.003, ŋ2p = 0.75).
CONCLUSIONS: Elite swimmers experience a subclinical impairment in lung diffusing capacity after swimming exercise, but the stress caused by swimming on the lungs and the acute reduction in DLCO does not lead to physiological dysfunction.


KEY WORDS: Diffusing capacity; Swimming training; Lung function; Swimming-induced pulmonary oedema (SIPO); Lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO)

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