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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 Jul 23

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11126-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Hip internal and external rotation range of motion reliability in youth baseball players

Garrett S. BULLOCK 1, 2, 3 , Edward C. BECK 1, Gary S. COLLINS 3, 4, 5, Stephanie R. FILBAY 2, 3, Kristen F. NICHOLSON 1

1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA; 2 Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis Research Versus Arthritis, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 3 Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology, and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 4 Centre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 5 Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK


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BACKGROUND: Impaired hip range of motion has been related to increased injury risk in baseball players. However, no hip rotation ROM reliability studies have been performed in youth, which cannot be assumed to be comparable to adults. This study aimed to 1) assess the inter- and intra-rater reliability of hip rotation passive ROM in youth baseball players, 2) calculate the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimum clinically important difference (MCID).
METHODS: Hip external (ER) and internal (IR) rotation were measured. Inter and intra-rater reliability were assessed through intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), with SEM and MCID. Bland-Altman Plots were used to assess overall measurement bias.
RESULTS: 19 youth baseball players participated. Hip ER intra-rater ICC was excellent (tester one: 0.983 (0.965, 0.993); tester two: 0.952 (0.903, 0.980) and hip IR was excellent (tester one: 0.965 (0.927, 0.985); tester two: 0.965 (95%CI: 0.928, 0.985). Hip ER SEM was 3.2 degrees, and hip IR was 2.2 degrees. Hip ER MCID was 7.5 degrees, and hip IR was 5.1 degrees. Bland Altman plots for hip ER and IR did not detect any bias.
CONCLUSIONS: Hip ROM inter-rater and intra-rater reliability was excellent for use in youth baseball players, with no rater bias. Sports medicine professionals can reliably assess supine hip rotation ROM in youth baseball players. This ROM methodology can be easily administered within the clinic or pitch-side, and interpret the results, increasing its real world applicability.


KEY WORDS: Inter-rater reliability; Intra-rater reliability; Standard Error of Measurement; Minimum clinically important difference; Bland-altman plots

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