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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 Feb 27

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.10036-7

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

32 weeks of randomized interdisciplinary therapy or combined physical training promote similar improvements in anthropometric and biochemical parameters of obese women

Letícia A. CERRONE 1 , Danielle A. CARANTI 1, João P. FIDALGO 1, Ricardo B. SANCHES 1, 2, Maythe A. NASCIMENTO 1, Renata R. ASTRIDE 1, Vanessa F. POLI 1, Carlos E. de CAMPOS 3, Lila M. OYAMA 4, Liu C. YI 5, Ana R. DÂMASO 6, Cauê V. TEIXEIRA 1, Ricardo J. GOMES 1

1 Obesity Study Group, Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil; 2 Campinas State University, Campinas, Brazil; 3 Laboratory Cellula Mater, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil; 4 Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; 5 Federal University of São Paulo, Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 6 Obesity Study Group, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


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BACKGROUND: Obesity is a multicausal illness that generates large expenses to health systems and also for the families of obese individuals. It is important to note that obesity disrupts all systems, generating metabolic consequences that may be irreversible. Interdisciplinary therapy is recommended as the primary method for treating obesity. However, the cost of interdisciplinary treatment can be high due to the need for various professionals, from different areas of expertise. This study compares the effects of 32 weeks of physical training combined with interdisciplinary therapy on anthropometric and biochemical parameters in obese women.
METHODS: 76 subjects were randomized into two groups: Group Physical Exercise (EXE) and Group Interdisciplinary Treatment (INTER), being evaluated in the initial moment and after 32 weeks. 30 subjects completed the intervention and were evaluated (EXE: n=13; INTER: n=17).
RESULTS: Psychobiological and biochemical variables were measured. EXE and INTER were similar before treatment and both showed significantly improvements in anthropometric and biochemical parameters after interventions, without difference between groups.
CONCLUSIONS: The results confirmed the relevant role of physical training or the interdisciplinary therapy on metabolic profile of obese women. We realized that physical training can be incorporated into public or private health systems as an alternative strategy for obesity control, especially in locations that do not have the possibility of offering a complete interdisciplinary therapy.


KEY WORDS: Obesity; Physical training; Interdisciplinary approach; Health, insulin resistance; Nutrition, psychology

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