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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 Mar 30

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08227-0

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effects of functional and traditional strength training on different parameters of strength elderly women: a trial randomized and controlled

José C. ARAGÃO-SANTOS , Antônio G. de RESENDE-NETO, Albernon COSTA NOGUEIRA, M. Lourdes FEITOSA-NETA, Leandro H. ALBUQUERQUE BRANDÃO, Leury M. da SILVA CHAVES, Marzo E. da SILVA-GRIGOLETTO

Center of Biological and Health Sciences, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil


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BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is the main strategy for improving physical fitness in elderly population. However, it is not clear which training method lead to greater adaptations on maximal dynamic strength, muscle power, muscle endurance and isometric strength in this population. Thus, our aim was to compare the effects of functional and traditional training on these variables in the elderly.
METHODS: This study lasted twelve weeks, where forty-four elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Functional (FT; n = 18); Traditional (TT; n = 15); and Control (CG; n = 11). Maximal dynamic strength (Strength) and muscle power (Power) tests were performed in pushing (Push), pulling (Pull) and squatting (Squat) actions. In addition, isometric strength (ISO) with Hand Grip Test (HG) and Isometric Dead Lift Test (ID) and muscle endurance (Endurance) with 30 s chair stand (CS) and 30 s arm curl (AC) tests were used.
RESULTS: Both experimental groups improved significantly in Strength (FT: Push 24.9%; Squat 38.4%; Pull 21.6% / TT: Push 18.2%; Squat 9.8%; Pull 19.2%), Power (FT: Push 13.6%; Squat 11.6%; Pull 13.6% / TT: Push 18.2%; Squat 9.8%; Pull 19.2%) ISO (FT: HG 14,7%; ID 13,6% / TT: HG 19,1%) and Endurance (TF: CS 19.6%; AC 23.8% / TT: CS 15.5%) with p ≤ 0,05, except TT in ID (4.4%) and SL (4.6%). There was no difference between experimental groups; however, both experimental groups were statistically superior to CG.
CONCLUSIONS: Both training protocols were equally effective in improving different strength manifestations in the elderly.


KEY WORDS: Aging - Resistance training - Activities of daily living

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Publication History

Article first published online: March 30, 2018
Manuscript accepted: March 9, 2018
Manuscript revised: February 12, 2018
Manuscript received: October 2, 2017

Cite this article as

Aragão-Santos JC, De Resende-Neto AG, Costa Nogueira A, Feitosa-Neta ML, Albuquerque Brandão LH, Da Silva Chaves LM, et al. The effects of functional and traditional strength training on different parameters of strength elderly women: a trial randomized and controlled. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Mar 30. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08227-0

Corresponding author e-mail

carlosaragao.18@gmail.com