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A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology

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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 Feb 26

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.07849-0


language: English

Characteristics of goalkeepers’ injuries: retrospective, self-reported study among adolescence football players

Aleksander BŁAŻKIEWICZ 1, 3 , Monika GRYGOROWICZ 2, 3, Arkadiusz BIAŁOSTOCKI 4, Dariusz CZAPROWSKI 5, 6

1 Department of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudskiego University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland; 2 Department of Spondyloorthopaedics and Biomechanics of the Spine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland; 3 Rehasport Clinic, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Poznań, Poland; 4 Football Academy of FC Legia, Warsaw, Poland; 5 Department of Physiotherapy, Józef Rusiecki University College, Olsztyn, Poland; 6 Center of Body Posture, Olsztyn, Poland


BACKGROUND: Characteristic types of actions and training/matches loads of football goalkeepers show that goalkeeper’s performance differs from other football’s formations. Such situation may predispose to the occurrence of other kinds of injuries in this position. The aim of this study was to analyse epidemiology of injuries in young football goalkeepers.
METHODS: 48 football goalkeepers (aged:15.2±1.9 years) were filled the questionnaire aimed at collecting information about all injuries sustained within 12 months before the data collection. The anthropometric data, football experience and information regarding the injury types and occurrence were analysed. The injury rate proportion for acute and overuse injuries and values of injuries including the burden of the match game and training were evaluated. The level of significance was set at p<0.05.
RESULTS: 33(68.8%) questionnaires were given back. 24(72.7%) goalkeepers reported the history of football related injury within a year before the survey. 52 injuries were reported. Significantly higher number of acute (76.9%) vs. overuse (23.1%) injuries was described (p=0.0012). Acute injuries involved fractures/subluxations of the fingers and thigh muscle strain/tears. The group of overuse injuries was dominated by trauma of the knee and pelvic girdle muscles. Majority of injuries occurred during training (88,5% of all injuries), and there was significant higher number of injuries sustained on artificial vs. natural grass for all, acute and overuse types of injuries (p<0,0001).
CONCLUSIONS: Young football goalkeepers suffer mostly acute injuries (within the fingers of hands and muscles of thighs). It might be associated with specific characteristic of performance related to goalkeeper`s position.

KEY WORDS: Soccer - Goalkeeper - Adolescent - Incidence - Risk factors

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Publication History

Article first published online: February 26, 2018
Manuscript accepted: February 8, 2018
Manuscript revised: January 29, 2018
Manuscript received: June 5, 2017

Cite this article as

Błażkiewicz A, Białostocki A, Czaprowski D. Characteristics of goalkeepers’ injuries: retrospective, self-reported study among adolescence football players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Feb 26. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.07849-0

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