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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 Jan 10

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08290-7

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The acute effects of stretching with vibration on dynamic flexibility in young female gymnasts

Aaron W. JOHNSON 1 , Caisa N. WARCUP 1, Matthew K. SEELEY 1, Dennis EGGETT 2, Jeffery B. FELAND 1

1 Department of Exercise Sciences, College of Life Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA; 2 Department of Statistics, College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA


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BACKGROUND: While stretching with vibration has been shown to improve static flexibility; the effect of stretching with vibration on dynamic flexibility is not well known. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of stretching with vibration on acute dynamic flexibility and jump height in novice and advanced competitive female gymnasts during a split jump.
METHODS: Female gymnast (n=27, age: 11.5 ± 1.7 years, Junior Olympic levels 5-10) participated in this cross-over study. Dynamic flexibility during gymnastic split jumps were video recorded and analyzed with Dartfish software. All participants completed both randomized stretching protocols with either the vibration platform turned on (VIB) (frequency of 30 Hz and 2 mm amplitude) or off (NoVIB) separated by 48 h. Participants performed 4 sets of three stretches on the vibration platform. Each stretch was held for 30 s with 5 s rest for a total of 7 min of stretch.
RESULTS: Split jump flexibility decreased significantly from pre to post measurement in both VIB (-5.8°±5.9°) (p<0.001) and NoVIB (-2.6°±6.1°) (p=0.041) conditions (adjusted for gymnast level). This effect was greatest in lower skill level gymnasts (p=0.003), while the highest skill level gymnasts showed no significant decrease in the split jump (p=0.105). Jump height was not significantly different between conditions (p=0.892) or within groups (p=0.880).
CONCLUSIONS: An acute session of static stretching with or without vibration immediately before performance does not alter jump height. Stretching with vibration immediately prior to gymnastics competition decreases split jump flexibility in lower level gymnasts more than upper level gymnasts.


KEY WORDS: Whole-body vibration - Gymnastic warm-up - Split-jump - Gymnastic performance - Active stretching - Dynamic stretching

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Publication History

Article first published online: January 10, 2018
Manuscript accepted: January 3, 2018
Manuscript revised: December 22, 2017
Manuscript received: October 17, 2017

Cite this article as

Johnson AW, Warcup CN, Seeley MK, Eggett D, Feland JB. The acute effects of stretching with vibration on dynamic flexibility in young female gymnasts. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2018 Jan 10. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.18.08290-7

Corresponding author e-mail

wayne_johnson@byu.edu