Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > Articles online first > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Sep 22

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Cite this article as

THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,215


eTOC

 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Sep 22

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07536-3

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Injury rates in martial art athletes: anthropometric parameters and training volume, but not foot morphology indexes, are predictive risk factors for lower limb injuries

Jacopo A. VITALE 1 , Tito BASSANI 1, Fabio GALBUSERA 1, Alberto BIANCHI 2, Nicolò MARTINELLI 2

1 LaBS, Laboratory of Biological Structures Mechanics, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy; 2 Foot and Ankle Department, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy


PDF  


BACKGROUND: Previous studies attempted to identify possible risk factors for acute and overuse injuries in several sports disciplines such as running, gymnastics or team sports. Given the lack of scientific works focused on risk factors for lower limb injuries in martial arts, the present study was aimed to investigate foot anatomy, anthropometric measures, and other background information as possible risk factors of injury in barefoot athletes practicing judo, karate, kung fu, thai boxe, or aikido. In addition, the injury rates were evaluated in relation with the different martial art styles.
METHODS: One group of 130 martial artists was retrospectively evaluated. Data of three foot morphological variables were collected: navicular height (NH), navicular drop (ND) and the rear foot (RF). In addition, each participant filled an interview questionnaire providing the following information: age, sex, body weight, height, BMI, hours of training per week, the kind of injury occurred to the lower limbs in the preceding year.
RESULTS: Of 130 subjects, 70 (53.8%) did not sustain injuries, 35 (27.0%) suffered an acute injury and the remaining 25 (19.2%) reported an overuse injury. No significant differences were observed in the injury rates in relation to style and kind of martial art. Age, training volume and BMI were found as significant predictors of injury, while NH, ND and RF were not able to predict acute or overuse injury at lower limbs.
CONCLUSIONS: The injury rates were similar in karate, judo, kung fu, aikido, and thai boxe. The foot morphology variables were not related with the presence or absence of acute and overuse injuries. Conversely, older and heavier martial artists, performing more hours of barefoot training, are at higher risk of acute and overuse injury. Athletic trainers should strongly take into account the present information in order to develop more accurate and specific injury prevention programs for martial artists.


KEY WORDS: Injury - Martial art - Foot - Overuse - Acute - Orthopedics

top of page

Publication History

Article first published online: September 22, 2017
Manuscript accepted: September 13, 2017
Manuscript revised: August 28, 2017
Manuscript received: March 3, 2017

Cite this article as

Vitale JA, Bassani T, Galbusera F, Bianchi A, Martinelli N. Injury rates in martial art athletes: anthropometric parameters and training volume, but not foot morphology indexes, are predictive risk factors for lower limb injuries. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Sep 22. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07536-3

Corresponding author e-mail

jacopo.vitale@grupposandonato.it