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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 Jun 21

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07551-X

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Comparison of shuttle and straight repeated-sprint ability tests and their relationship to anthropometrics and explosive muscular performance of lower limb in elite handball players

Souhail HERMASSI 1 , René SCHWESIG 2, Rainer WOLLNY 3, Georg FIESELER 4, Roland, van den TILLAAR 5, Jaime FERNANDEZ-FERNANDEZ 6, Roy J. SHEPHARD 7, Mohamed S. CHELLY 1

1 Research Unit (UR17JS01), Sport Performance, Health & Society, Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Ksar-Saîd, University of "La Manouba," Tunis, Tunisia; 2 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Wittenberg, Germany; 3 Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg Institut für Sportwissenschaft, Wittenberg, Germany; 4 Division for Shoulder Surgery and Sports Medicine, Helios Clinic, Warburg, Germany; 5 Department of Sports Sciences of Nord Trøndelag University College, Levanger, Norway; 6 Centro de Investigación del Deporte (Sports Research Centre) Miguel Hernández University, Elche, Spain; 7 Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada


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BACKGROUND: This study assessed inter-relationships between shuttle and straight repeated-sprint ability tests and the relationship of each measure to anthropometric and explosive lower limb performance data in elite handball players.
METHODS: Twenty-two elite male handball players (18.9 ± 0.2 years; body mass: 83.3 ± 1.1 kg, height: 1.79 ± 2.30 m, body fat: 12.8 ± 0.2%) completed tests that included a lower limb force-velocity test of peak power (Wpeak), jumping ability (squat and counter-movement jumps; SJ, CMJ), 1 repetition maximum (1-RM) half back squat, average sprint velocity over 5 m (V-5 m), peak velocity between 25-30 m (Vmax), and Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1), and anthropometric determinations of cross-sectional areas and muscle volumes for leg and thigh muscles. Data were compared with performance on 2 repeated sprint tests; the straight test [6 × 30 m (RSA30)] and the intermittent test [6 x (2 x 15 m) shuttle sprints (RSA15)].
RESULTS: V-5 m; 1-RM; and thigh and leg muscle cross-sectional areas and volumes showed relevant relationships to the shuttle RSA test (r2≥0.5). The Yo-Yo IR1 explained the largest percentage of variance in RSA15 total time (60%), and V-5 m also explained 56% of the variance in RSA15 total time. RSA15% fatigue was only related to 1-RM (explained variance: 58%), and the RSA30 test showed no useful correlations with any of the investigated predictors. Multiple-regression analyses using all physical tests explained 91% of the variance in RSA15 total time (p<0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: The volume of the leg muscles seems important to power production and repeated sprints over distances of 15 m or less. RSA15 is related to muscular power, maximal strength, speed and endurance performance; however, the straight repeated sprint ability test is not, and thus does not seem relevant for the testing of handball players.


KEY WORDS: Muscle volume - Peak power - Strength - Jumping - Explosive strength - RSA tests

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Cite this article as

Hermassi S, Schwesig R, Wollny R, Fieseler G, van den Tillaar R, Fernandez-Fernandez J, et al. Comparison of shuttle and straight repeated-sprint ability tests and their relationship to anthropometrics and explosive muscular performance of lower limb in elite handball players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017 Jun 21. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07551-X

Corresponding author e-mail

hermassi_fr@yahoo.fr