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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2022 September;62(9):1147-52

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.12259-5

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effect of core muscle strengthening on throwing velocity in cricket players in Pakistan: a 6-week randomized controlled trial

Abdul HANAN 1, Usman ASAD 1, Nadeem ASGHAR 1, Sana ASHFAQ 2, Zobia NASEEM 2, Ibraheem ZAFAR 3, Saira JAHAN 2, Ghalia SAFDAR 3, Hafsa SHAMS 2, Mubin M. KIYANI 4

1 University Institute of Physical Therapy, University of Lahore, Gujrat, Pakistan; 2 Faculty of Rehabilitation and Allied Health Sciences, Riphah International University, Islamabad, Pakistan; 3 Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan; 4 Shifa College of Medical Technology, Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad, Pakistan



BACKGROUND: During fielding throwing ball with more velocity and accuracy towards the stump to reduce score and produce an out of the opponent team. Core is the power house of the body. Core training improves the strength of trunk muscles and allows the players to kick, throw, pull, and push with greater force. This study was conducted to determine the effects of core muscle strengthening on throwing velocity in cricket players that whether core muscle strengthening would help the cricket players to improve their throwing velocity and core endurance.
METHODS: A 6 weeks’ randomized controlled trial in which Ninety-eight male cricket players participated and divided into strength training (interventional) and non-strength training (control group). Interventional group followed general core strengthening exercise protocol for six weeks for 3 days a week. Assessment of the players include core assessment test (back extension, supine forward flexion test, prone bridge test). Time and throwing velocity were noted by stop watch and radar gun in km/hr respectively at baseline and after 6 weeks of core training. Control group did not follow any exercise program but continued their usual cricket training.
RESULTS: Mean age of interventional group was 20.4±4.9 years and control group was 21.6±3.4 years. The mean BMI of interventional and control group was 22.4±2.7 kg/m2 and 21.8±2.1 kg/m2, respectively. Comparing both groups, in between group analysis strength training group results showed statistically highly significant increase P<0.001 in components throwing velocity, back extension, supine flesion, right plank lateral, left lateral plane and isometric prone plank than non-strengthening group. In within group analysis, strength group had improved as compared to the control group which showed no improvement.
CONCLUSIONS: There is significant increase in throwing velocity and core endurance with six weeks general core strengthening in male cricket players.


KEY WORDS: Athletic performance; Athletes; Exercise; Resistance training; Cricket sport

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