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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 October;61(10):1317-25

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11736-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effect of two types of combined training on bio-motor ability adaptations in sedentary females

Hadi NOBARI 1, 2, Mina AHMADI 1, Mário SÁ 3, Jorge PÉREZ-GÓMEZ 2 , Filipe M. CLEMENTE 4, José C. ADSUAR 2, Vazgen MINASIAN 1, José AFONSO 5, 6

1 Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran; 2 HEME Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain; 3 Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal; 4 Higher School of Sports and Leisure, Polytechnic Institute of Viana do Castelo, Viana do Castelo, Portugal; 5 Institute of Telecommunication, Section of Covilhã, Lisbon, Portugal; 6 Center for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sports, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal



BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of combined training of high-volume/low intensity vs. low volume/high intensity on different bio-motor adaptations in sedentary women.
METHODS: Thirty sedentary healthy females (mean age, 22.1±3.3 years), were randomly assigned into: control group (CG; N.=10), High-Volume/low-intensity training group (HV; N.=10); or high-intensity/low-volume training group (HI; N.=10). Training protocols were performed for 8 weeks, on three non-consecutive days a week.
RESULTS: Post-intervention, there were significant main effects of time and a group by time interaction for all body composition and performance variables (P≤0.001), while no significant differences were found for changes in maximum heart rate. Pairwise comparisons revealed significant decreases in body fat percentage and speed test in HV and HI (P≤0.001) after intervention, while anaerobic power significantly increased in HV and HI (P≤0.001). The rating of perceived exertion (RPE) was significantly superior in HI than HV (P≤0.05). Additionally, there were significant main effects of time and a group by time interaction for all one-repetition maximum tests (P≤0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Combined interval training and resistance training were effective for improving bio-motor parameters in sedentary young women. HV training produced less RPE than HI training, which may potentially increase adherence to training protocols post-intervention.


KEY WORDS: Exercise; Health status; Resistance training

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