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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 September;61(9):1301-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11657-8


language: English

Impact of high-intensity interval and moderate-intensity continuous exercise on heart rate variability and cardiac troponin

Chuanye HUANG 1, Zhaowei KONG 2, Jinlei NIE 3 , Mingling PAN 4, Haifeng ZHANG 5, Qingde SHI 3, Keith GEORGE 6

1 Graduate School, Shandong Sport University, Jinan, China; 2 Faculty of Education, University of Macau, Macao, China; 3 School of Health Sciences and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao, China; 4 College of Sport and Health, Shandong Sport University, Jinan, China; 5 Physical Education College, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, China; 6 Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK

BACKGROUND: It remains uncertain whether exercise modality (high-intensity interval [HIE]; moderate-intensity continuous [MCE]) mediates exercise-induced changes in markers of pro-arrhythmogenic state and/or cardiac damage. This study examines heart rate variability (HRV) and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) kinetic responses to HIE and MCE.
METHODS: Fourteen sedentary, overweight/obese females completed two trials including HIE (2-min running at 90% V̇O2max followed by 2-min running at 50% V̇O2max, repeated for 60 min) and MCE (70% V̇O2max steady-state running for 60 min) in a randomized, counterbalanced fashion. Supine HRV was evaluated as root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), normalized low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) spectral power, as well as the LF/HF ratio before (PRE), immediately (0 HR), 3 (3 HR) and 24 (24 HR) hours after exercise. Serum cTnT was assessed using a high-sensitivity assay at the same time-points and the values were corrected for plasma volume changes.
RESULTS: Exercise temporarily altered all HRV indices (i.e. RMSSD and HF decreased; LF and LF/HF ratio increased at 0 HR, all P<0.05) but a rebound increase of RMSSD was observed at 24 HR, and the kinetic responses of HRV were similar between exercise modalities. The cTnT was significantly elevated (P<0.05) after exercise at 3 HR (by 688%) and 24 HR (by 374%) with no between-modality differences. There was no significant correlation between delta change in cTnT and HRV metrics.
CONCLUSIONS: Exercise modality (workload-equivalent HIE vs. MCE) did not mediate exercise-induced alteration in autonomic activity and cTnT elevation, and it seems these are largely separate exercise-induced phenomena.

KEY WORDS: Exercise; Heart; Autonomic nervous system; Troponin T

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