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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 June;61(6):844-50

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11382-3

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The role of physical training in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in a population of healthy people

Aureliusz KOSENDIAK 1, Anna FELIŃCZAK 2, Anna SZYMAŃSKA-CHABOWSKA 3

1 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland; 2 Division of Organization and Management, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland; 3 Department of Internal Medicine, Occupational Diseases, Hypertension and Clinical Oncology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland



BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are still a leading cause of death worldwide. The modification of risk factors and lifestyle is more important than pharmacotherapy and it is the most effective way to combat cardiovascular diseases. Recommendations to undertake physical activity are vital to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of physical activity on the modifiable risk factors of cardiovascular diseases.
METHODS: Seventy-six participants, including 38 men, with a mean age of 37±9 were enrolled into the study in 2012-2013. Six months of advanced personal training program “You can be a marathon runner too” (twice a week for 3-4 hours) was carried out. Advice on healthy eating and changes in lifestyle were given. The following parameters: body composition analysis, Body Mass Index, lipids profile, glucose and morphology were measured twice at the beginning and after 6 months of the study. The data were statistically analyzed.
RESULTS: A positive trend in some parameters was observed in all the respondents. The BMI decreased from 25 kg/m2 to 23 kg/m2 and the percentage of body fat - from 25% to 21%. Furthermore, some blood parameters decreased: cholesterol from 217mg/dL to 196mg/dL, triglycerides from 128 mg/dL to 97 mg/dL, and glucose from 82 mg/dL to 79 mg/dL. However, HDL increased from 66 mg/dL to 75 mg/dL.
CONCLUSIONS: Regular physical activity has a positive influence on lowering the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. Encouraging the implementation of behavioral changes and greater everyday physical activity may contribute to maintaining health for a long time.


KEY WORDS: Exercise; Health promotion; Health; Biochemistry; Body composition; Cardiovascular diseases

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