Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 May;61(5) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 May;61(5):656-65

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as
Share

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 May;61(5):656-65

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.21.11850-X

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Fitness profiles of elite male Italian teams handball players

Bruno RUSCELLO 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 , Carlo CASTAGNA 1, 5, Riccardo CARBONARO 1, 5, Paolo Roberto GABRIELLI 1, 4, 5, Stefano D’OTTAVIO 1, 4, 5, 6

1 School of Sport Sciences and Exercise, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy; 2 School of Sports and Exercise Sciences, San Raffaele University, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy; 4 LUISS SportLab, LUISS University, Rome, Italy; 5 Italian Team Handball Federation (Federazione Italiana Giuoco Handball), Technical Department, Performance Unit, Rome, Italy; 6 Department of Clinical Science and Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Tor Vergata University, Rome, Italy



BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the fitness profile of the Italian national male Team-Handball players of different competitive level.
METHODS: Forty-one male handball players from the senior (N.=21, height 1.90±0.06m, body mass 94.04±11.59kg, BMI 26.13±2.45) to the junior category (N.=20, height 1.86±0.06m, body weight 84.99±12.52kg, BMI: 24.56±3.35) Italian National Teams participated in this study. Players were tested for lower and upper limbs muscle strength, change of direction ability and specific endurance. Lower limbs explosive strength was assessed with squat (SJ) countermovement (CMJ), stiff leg (stiffness) jumps. Explosive strength was assessed by measuring kinematic aspects of squat and bench exercises. Change of direction ability was assessed with the 505 test. The Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (YYIR1) was considered for specific endurance.
RESULTS: Large and significant differences (d>1; partial η2>0.14; P<0.01) between senior and junior national team players were found in anthropometrics, jumping, power, sprint, agility, and aerobic fitness (junior body weight accounting for 10% less than the senior one, P=0.021; SJ and CMJ in juniors smaller than the seniors by 15% and 12%, P=0.000 and P=0.001, respectively). Similar differences were found among positional roles (goalkeepers, backs, centers, pivots, wings), suggesting practical implications for training.
CONCLUSIONS: The differences between the competitive level and the playing role in relevant handball performance were reported in Italian national team players. The magnitude of the differences suggests the need of individual training approach when dealing with the young handball players.


KEY WORDS: Team sports; Aptitude; Muscle strength; Sports

top of page