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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  PSYCHOLOGY 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2021 January;61(1):140-5

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11201-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Psychophysiological respond in a swimming ultra-endurance event

Joaquín SÁNCHEZ-MOLINA 1, José F. TRONERO-AGUILERA 1, 2, Vicente J. CLEMENTE-SUÁREZ 1, 2, 3

1 Faculty of Sports Sciences, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 2 Research Center in Applied Combat (CESCA), Toledo, Spain; 3 Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y Sociedad (CULTEDUSOC), Coast University, Barranquilla, Colombia



BACKGROUND: Ultra-endurance events under critical environmental conditions represent unique stress, resulting in acute marked adaptations to the cardiovascular, respiratory, metabolic and neuromuscular systems of the organism. In line with this, no studies in swimming events were found thus far.
METHODS: This research aimed to analyze the psychophysiological response of swimmers in an ultra-endurance swimming event. Changes in the rate of perceived exertion, blood lactate concentration, 1000m swimming time and cortical arousal were measured in 19 male volunteer swimmers (28.0±5.6 years; 175.0±7.9 cm; 70.1±7.8 kg) in 3 moments during a 24h swimming event.
RESULTS: We found a significant increase in lactate concentration after series 1, decreasing the values in series 2 and series 3. Cortical arousal decreased significantly in series 3 respect the basal sample. Rate of perceived exertion significantly increased in the swimming ultra-endurance event and 1000m swimming time was maintained during the series analyzed.
CONCLUSIONS: An ultra-endurance swimming event produced an increase in blood lactate concentration and rated of perceived exertion and a decrease in cortical arousal, not affecting average swimming velocity along the event.


KEY WORDS: Sports; Lactates; Swimming; Fatigue; Exercise

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