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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 November;60(11):1423-30

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.20.11011-9

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Changes in bench press performance and throwing velocity after strength-oriented and ballistic resistance training programs

Jesualdo CUEVAS-ABURTO 1, Danica JANICIJEVIC 2 , Alejandro PÉREZ-CASTILLA 3, Luis J. CHIROSA-RÍOS 3, Amador GARCÍA-RAMOS 1, 3

1 Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Faculty of Education, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción (UCSC), Concepción, Chile; 2 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, The Research Centre, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; 3 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain



BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effect of two upper-body resistance training programs (strength-oriented vs. ballistic) on bench press (BP) performance and handball throwing velocity (HTV).
METHODS: Thirty resistance-trained males were randomly assigned to a strength-oriented training group (STG) or a ballistic training group (BTG). The study consisted of 11 sessions: 2 pre-tests (week 1), 8 training sessions (weeks 2-5), and 1 post-test (week 6). The STG performed the BP at the 70-90% of the one-repetition maximum (1RM), and the BTG the BP throw at the 40% of 1RM. BP performance (BP 1RM and maximum velocity achieved against 20 kg [BP20]) and HTV were assessed before and after training.
RESULTS: The STG enhanced BP 1RM (effect size [ES]=0.24) but not BP20 (ES=0.21) or HTV (ES=0.10). The BTG enhanced BP20 (ES=0.63) but not BP1RM (ES=0.27) or HTV (ES=0.02). HTV was not significantly correlated with the BP 1RM (r≤0.181) or BP20 (r≤0.220).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that a short-term RT program based exclusively on the BP exercise performed against either heavy (strength-oriented) or light loads (ballistic) is not effective to increase HTV in resistance-trained men with little handball experience.


KEY WORDS: Resistance training; Transfer, psychology; Muscle stretching exercises

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