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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2020 January;60(1):45-52

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09906-7

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effects of flexibility combined with plyometric exercises vs isolated plyometric or flexibility mode in adolescent male hurdlers

Ghazi RACIL 1, 3 , Mohamed C. JLID 1, 3, Mohamed S. BOUZID 2, 3, Rime SIOUD 1, 3, Riadh KHALIFA 1, 3, Mohamed AMRI 4, Sabri GAIED 5, Jeremy COQUART 6

1 Research Unit (UR17JS01) “Sport Performance, Health & Society” Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Tunis, Tunisia; 2 Unité de Recherche Education, Cognition, Tice et Didactique (ECOTIDI), Higher Institute of Education and Continuous Training and at Bardo, Tunis, Tunisia; 3 Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, University of La Manouba, Manouba, Tunisia; 4 Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, El Manar University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia; 5 Laboratory of Physiology and Functional Explorations, Ibn Eljazzar Faculty of Medicine, University of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia; 6 CETAPS, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Rouen-Normandie, Mont Saint Aignan, France



BACKGROUND: This study aims to determine the effect of flexibility exercises combined with plyometrics in hurdles race, on physical fitness, motor skills (MS) and hip range of motion.
METHODS: Thirty-four male hurdlers, (age=15.7±0.7 years, body mass=59.7±2.3 kg, height=170.8±2.4 cm) were randomly assigned to four independent groups. The (Gflex+plyo), the (Gplyo), the (Gflex) and a control group (Gcon). All participants performed different tests: a test of right and left hip flexion (RHF, LHF) and extension (RHE, LHE), squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), stiffness jump (STFJ) and three (MS) exercises (running, hopping and leaping). A 60-m sprint on the hurdles was also performed.
RESULTS: The two-way analyses of covariance for repeated measures showed that Gflex+plyo increased significantly: the CMJ, performance on 60-m and showed higher performance in the between groups’ comparison. The Gflex+plyo and Gflex showed the higher percentages of changes in flexibility (RHF: 3.2±1.3% and 3.0±2.1%; RHE: 6.4±2.4% and 9.4±4.1%, LHE: 8.4±3.4% and 7.8±4.3%, respectively). Gplyo increased significantly the LHF (3.9±1.4%) more than the other groups. In the between groups’ comparison, Gplyo showed the higher percentage of change in STFJ (6.4±1.8%) and the Gflex+plyo showed the higher values in running and hopping (10.7±4.6% and 13.3±2.1%, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Specific stretching exercises combined with plyometrics may be more beneficial than other training strategies in young sprint-hurdlers. This may better improve physical fitness, hip range of motion and may increase different level of skills which may better improve performance in hurdles race.


KEY WORDS: Exercise; Muscle strength; Youth sports

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