Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12):2066-74

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12):2066-74

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09886-4

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effects of 8-week of fitness classes on blood pressure, body composition, and physical fitness

Manuel CHAVARRIAS 1, Jorge CARLOS-VIVAS 2 , Beatriz BARRANTES-MARTÍN 3, Jorge PÉREZ-GÓMEZ 1

1 Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, Caceres, Spain; 2 UCAM Research Center for High Performance Sport, Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; 3 International University of La Rioja, Logroño, Spain



BACKGROUND: Fitness activities such as indoor cycling (IC), Zumba® (ZU) and body pump (BP) are practiced by large segments of population. There are no studies showing which kind of fitness activity can produce more health benefits. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of 8-week of IC, alone or combined with ZU (IC+ZU), or BP (IC+BP), on blood pressure, body composition, and physical fitness.
METHODS: Forty-eight participants were randomly assigned to four groups: IC, IC+ZU, IC+BP or control group (CG). Before and after 8-week of training, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), fat, lean and bone mass, body circumferences, resting heart rate, aerobic fitness, limbs strength and vertical jump height (VJH) were assessed.
RESULTS: The IC and IC+ZU experienced significant decreases in SBP and DBP, which were significantly greater, compared to CG. Between-group comparisons showed greater decreases in body mass (BM) and body fat mass percentage (BFM) in IC compared to all groups, also significant differences were observed between IC+ZU and IC+B with CG. Decreases in neck, pectoral, waist and hip circumferences were found in IC, IC+ZU and IC+BP compared to CG. All experimental groups significantly increased 10RM leg press and leg flexion, VJH and VO2max compared to CG.
CONCLUSIONS: Fitness classes of IC, alone or combined with ZU or BP, are effective in reducing blood pressure and improving body composition and physical fitness. The IC is the most effective in reducing BM and BFM.


KEY WORDS: Physical fitness; Gymnastics; Exercise

top of page