Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12):2045-52

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe PROMO
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2019 December;59(12):2045-52

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.19.09842-6

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Epidemiology of musculoskeletal injuries in tennis players: risk factors

Beatriz MINGHELLI 1 , Jéssica CADETE 2

1 Research Unit in Education and Community Intervention (RECI), Jean Piaget Algarve School of Health, Piaget Institute, Lisbon, Portugal; 2 Jean Piaget Algarve School of Health, Piaget Institute, Lisbon, Portugal



BACKGROUND: Tennis practice involves repetitive stresses through several strokes and movements during several hours. These factors can lead to injuries on musculoskeletal structures. This study aims to determine injury epidemiology in tennis players, as well as their type, location, mechanism of injury and risk factors.
METHODS: The sample was constituted by 218 tennis athletes, aged 9 to 72, being 156 (71.6%) male. The measurement instrument was a questionnaire concerning characterization of the population, and aspects related to the modality and injuries.
RESULTS: 86 athletes (39.4%) referred having an injury in a 12-month period, totalizing 107 injuries, and 76 athletes (34.9%) in a 6-month period, totalizing 95 injuries. There were 3.49 injuries per 1000 hours of tennis training. The most common injuries were joint injuries (29.5%), following by tendinopathy (22.1%), located in the ankle (20%) and wrist (15.8%), both occurred by service (23.2%). Tennis athletes who trained three times or more per week had 2.29 higher probability of injury (95% CI: 1.28-4.13; P=0.006), those who trained more than 4.5 hours per week had 2.04 more chances (95% CI: 1.16-3.60; P=0.013), those who were elite tennis players had 2.81 more chances (95% CI: 1.41-5.59; P=0.003), and those who trained on a clay court more frequently, had 4.11-fold higher probability of injury (95% CI: 1.46-11.55; P=0.007).
CONCLUSIONS: In the analyzed sample, data revealed a high prevalence of injuries in tennis athletes, being joint injuries the most common type of injuries, and the most affected body area were the ankle and the wrist.


KEY WORDS: Epidemiology; Incidence; Athletic injuries; Prevalence; Tennis

top of page