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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 November;58(11):1695-700

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07724-6

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Association of COL11A1 4603C/T polymorphism with cervical disc degeneration in collegiate wrestlers

Koji KOYAMA 1 , Koichi NAKAZATO 2, Shogo MAEDA 2, Naoki KIKUCHI 2, Shingo MATSUMOTO 2, Kenji HIRANUMA 2

1 Department of Judotherapy, Tokyo Ariake University of Medical and Health Science, Tokyo, Japan; 2 Graduate Schools of Health and Sport Science, Nippon Sport Science University, Yokohama, Japan



BACKGROUND: The authors previously identified that COL11A1 gene polymorphism is not a susceptibility factor for lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in athletes. However, the relationship between COL11A1 gene polymorphism and cervical disc degeneration (CDD) remains unclear. We hypothesized that significant associations between COL11A1 4603C/T gene polymorphism and CDD, but not LDD, in collegiate wrestlers exist. This study aims to examine the relationship between CDD, LDD, and COL11A1 4603C/T gene polymorphism in collegiate wrestlers.
METHODS: The subjects enrolled in this study were 92 (Study-1) and 123 (Study-2) Japanese collegiate male wrestlers. Study-1 and Study-2 were conducted in 2010-2012 and 2012-2015, respectively.
RESULTS: CDD and LDD prevalence among the wrestlers was 51.1% (47/92) and 43.9% (54/123), respectively. We found that COL11A1 4603C/T was significantly associated with CDD, but not with LDD. Using logistic regression analysis with concomitant confounding factors, we further confirmed that COL11A1 4603C/T was a significant risk factor for CDD (co-dominant genetic model [CC vs. CT+TT]: adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.28; 95% CI: 1.13-4.59; dominant genetic model [CC+CT vs. TT]: adjusted OR 11.71; 95% CI: 1.36-101.06).
CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that COL11A1 4603C/T gene polymorphism is associated with an increased risk of CDD, but not LDD, in Japanese collegiate wrestlers.


KEY WORDS: Magnetic resonance imaging - Genetic polymorphism - Intervertebral disc displacement - Wrestling

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