Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 June;58(6) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 June;58(6):895-902

CURRENT ISSUE
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Permissions
Cite this article as

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CLINICAL MEDICINE 

The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 June;58(6):895-902

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07414-X

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The feasibility of an exercise program 12 months post-stroke in a small urban community

David JAGROOP 1 , Amy MAEBRAE-WALLER 2, Shilpa DOGRA 1

1 Department of Kinesiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada; 2 District Stroke Center, Lakeridge Health, Oshawa, ON, Canada


PDF


BACKGROUND: There are few community-based exercise programs catering to individuals post-stroke, despite an increasing need. The primary objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of running a community-based exercise program for individuals post-stroke, and to provide a framework for local communities to run similar programs.
METHODS: Individuals who had a stroke within 12 months of the start of the program were eligible to participate in a 9-week community-based exercise program. Sit to stand, grip strength, arm curl, timed up-and-go, 6-minute walk, Berg Balance Scale, Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale were assessed pre- and post-program to determine the effectiveness of the program. Caregivers of participants were invited to participate in a focus group after the program (N.=5) to better understand program feasibility and areas for improvement.
RESULTS: Individuals (9 males, 1 female) with stroke were recruited from a local rehabilitation program within 1 week (aged 72.7±9.3 years). The ratio of volunteers to participants was 1:2. All participants completed the exercise program and pre-post-testing. Significant improvements were observed for sit to stand (7.6±3.4 to 9.8±4.3 repetitions, P<0.01), grip strength of the non-affected side (29.7±8.9 to 32.6±8.3 lbs, P=0.04), arm curl (15.2±6.1 to 19.9±4.7 repetitions, P=0.04), and Exercise Self-Efficacy score (Z=2.50, P=0.01, r=0.79) from pre to post-program. Caregivers suggested increasing the frequency of the program.
CONCLUSIONS: An effective community-based exercise program for individuals post-stroke can be run at community centers utilizing qualified volunteers.


KEY WORDS: Physical fitness - Aged - Stroke - Cardiovascular diseases - Rehabilitation - Exercise

top of page