Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 June;58(6) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 June;58(6):761-7



To subscribe
Submit an article
Recommend to your librarian


Publication history
Cite this article as



The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 June;58(6):761-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.07465-5


language: English

Do traditional and reverse swimming training periodizations lead to similar aerobic performance improvements?

Vicente J. CLEMENTE-SUÁREZ 1 , Ricardo J. FERNANDES 2, 3, Kelly de JESUS 2, Jailton G. PELARIGO 2, 3, 4, 5, Juan J. ARROYO-TOLEDO 6, J. Paulo VILAS-BOAS 2, 3

1 Department of Sport Sciences, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 2 Center of Research, Education, Innovation, and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 3 Porto Biomechanics Laboratory (LABIOMEP), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 4 Centro Universitário Católica de Quixadá, UNICATÓLICA, Quixadá, Ceará, Brazil; 5 Faculdade Metropolitana da Grande Fortaleza, FAMETRO, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil; 6 Department of Physical Activity and Sport Science, Faculty of Sport Science, University of Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, Spain


BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present research was to analyze the modifications on aerobic swimming performance indicators after performing traditional and reverse training periodizations (TTP and RTP, respectively).
METHODS: Seventeen trained swimmers were divided into two groups: one group (N.=7) performed 10 weeks of TTP (based on high volumes and an increased intensity during the program) and the second one (N.=10) was involved in a similar period of RTP (based on low volumes and high intensity during the entire program). Velocity (v), heart rate (HR) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) at the intensity of 4 mmol/L of blood lactate concentration, v, HR, RPE, stroke rate, stroke length and stroke index at the minimal intensity that elicits maximal oxygen uptake (vVO2max) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) were analyzed pre- and post-training intervention.
RESULTS: Stroke index significantly increased (2.9±0.3 vs. 3.1±0.2; P<0.05) and stroke rate and RPE at vVO2max significantly decreased after performing TTP. In the RTP group, VO2max significantly increased (50.9±6.6 vs. 54.1±4.7 mL/min/kg).
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, RTP performed for 10 weeks was more effective than TTP to increase the VO2max in trained swimmers, but TTP yields a higher swimming efficiency, probably due to the higher volume of technical training performed during the training program.

KEY WORDS: Lactates - Oxygen consumption - Swimming - Athletic performance - Physical education and training

top of page