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The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2018 January-February;58(1-2):50-6

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06770-0


language: English

Effects of in-season short-term aerobic and high-intensity interval training program on repeated sprint ability and jump performance in handball players

Souhail HERMASSI 1 , Jørgen INGEBRIGTSEN 2, René SCHWESIG 3, Georg FIESELER 4, Karl-Stefan DELANK 3, Karim CHAMARI 5, Roy J. SHEPHARD 6, Mohamed-Souhaiel CHELLY 1

1 Research Unit (UR17JS01), Sport Performance, Health and Society, Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Ksar Saîd, University of “La Manouba,” Tunis, Tunisia; 2 Strømsgodset Toppfotball, Drammen, Norway; 3 Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Martin Luther University, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany; 4 Division for Shoulder Surgery and Sports Medicine, Helios Clinic Warburg, Warburg, Germany; 5 Research and Education Center, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedic and Sports Medicine, Doha, Qatar; 6 Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada


BACKGROUND: This study examined the effects of a 7-week in-season aerobic and high-intensity interval-training program on performance tests linked to successful handball play (e.g., repeated sprint and jumping ability).
METHODS: Thirty participants (age 17.0±1.2 years, body mass 81.1±3.4 kg, height 1.82±0.07 m) performed a Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR1), a squat (SJ) and a Countermovement Jump Test (CMJ), as well as a repeated Sprint Ability Test (RSA). From this, maximal aerobic speed (MAS, reached at the end of the Yo-Yo IR1), jumping ability, best time in a single sprint trial (RSAbest), total time (RSATT) and the performance decrement (RSAdec) during all sprints were calculated. Later, subjects were randomly assigned to a control group (CG; N.=15) performing their normal training schedule (5 weekly sessions of ~90 minutes of handball training) or an experimental group (EG; N.=15). The EG performed two 30 min sessions per week of high-intensity aerobic exercises at 100-130% of MAS in addition to their normal training schedule.
RESULTS: A significant improvement in MAS (d=4.1), RSAbest (d=1.9), RSATT (d=1.5) and RSAdec (d=2.3) after the training period was demonstrated. Also, significant interaction effects (time x group) were found for all parameters as the EG significantly improved performances in all tests after training. The greatest interaction effects were observed in MAS (η2=0.811) and CMJ (η2=0.759). No relevant changes in test performances were found in the CG (mean d=-0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that individually speed-controlled aerobic and interval training is effective for improving specific handball performance.

KEY WORDS: Exercise - Athletic performance - Resistance training

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