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THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  BODY COMPOSITION, NUTRITION


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 October;57(10):1305-10

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06469-0

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

The effect of professional dietary counseling: elite basketball players eat healthier during competition days

Anastasia TSOUFI 1, Maria I. MARAKI 2, Leonidas DIMITRAKOPOULOS 3, Konstantinos FAMISIS 4, Maria G. GRAMMATIKOPOULOU 1

1 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece; 2 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece; 3 Directorate of Secondary Education, Thessaloniki, Greece; 4 Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, University of Thessaly, Trikala, Greece


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BACKGROUND: Literature suggests that dietary intake of elite athletes may differ between training and competition days. In addition, despite the importance of nutrition in sports and the popularity of basketball, studies on the diet of basketball players are scarce. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess dietary intake and diet quality in training and competition days in a team of elite basketball players receiving daily professional nutritional counseling.
METHODS: One elite basketball team (N.=15) participating in EuroLeague volunteered for the study. The team employed a certified dietitian, responsible for providing individualized nutritional evaluation and counseling, dietary planning and supervision of the diet of all the players. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour recalls and the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) was then calculated.
RESULTS: All players exhibited adequate (i.e., >80) HEI score (raw and adjusted for energy intake [EI]), on both training and competition days. Although daily energy, carbohydrate and protein intakes were greater during training compared to competition days (26.0 [21.7, 26.4] vs. 19.5 [19.3, 22.1] MJ, 7.6±1.5 vs. 6.8±0.9 g/kg of body weight [BW] and 2.6±0.6 vs. 2.2±0.2 g/kg BW, respectively; all P<0.05), HEI score (raw and adjusted for EI) was lower in training compared to competition days (92.9 [82.1, 93.2] vs. 94.0 [94.0, 94.0] and 89.7 [88.4, 89.7] vs. 92.7 [91.7, 92.8], respectively; all P≤0.001) due to lower total grains, whole grains and total vegetables consumption and greater saturated fats consumption (P<0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Elite basketball players receiving daily nutritional counseling by certified sports dietitians exhibit adequate diet quality, with the highest possible observed during competition days.


KEY WORDS: Nutritionists - Healthy diet - Athletes - Diet therapy

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Publication History

Issue published online: August 30, 2017
Article first published online: May 27, 2016
Manuscript accepted: May 26, 2016
Manuscript revised: May 13, 2016
Manuscript received: February 6, 2016

Cite this article as

Tsoufi A, Maraki MI, Dimitrakopoulos L, Famisis K, Grammatikopoulou MG. The effect of professional dietary counseling: elite basketball players eat healthier during competition days. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:1305-10. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06469-0

Corresponding author e-mail

maria@nutr.teithe.gr