Home > Journals > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness > Past Issues > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 May;57(5) > The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 May;57(5):507-13

CURRENT ISSUE
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Reprints
Cite this article as

THE JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE AND PHYSICAL FITNESS

A Journal on Applied Physiology, Biomechanics, Preventive Medicine,
Sports Medicine and Traumatology, Sports Psychology


Indexed/Abstracted in: Chemical Abstracts, CINAHL, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine, EMBASE, PubMed/MEDLINE, Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch), Scopus
Impact Factor 1,215


eTOC

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOMECHANICS


The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 2017 May;57(5):507-13

DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06283-6

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

language: English

Effect of respiratory muscle training on pulmonary function and aerobic endurance in soccer players

Tarik OZMEN, Gokce Y. GUNES, Ilyas UCAR, Hanife DOGAN, Tuba U. GAFUROGLU

Department of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey


PDF  


BACKGROUND: Few studies investigated the effects of the respiratory muscle training (RMT) in soccer although exhaustive high intensity exercise is known to lead to muscle fatigue in respiratory muscles. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of RMT on pulmonary function and aerobic endurance in soccer players.
METHODS: Eighteen male soccer players (mean age 22.2±1.4 years) participated in this study. Participants were assigned randomly to either an RMT or a control (CON) group. The RMT group performed a 15-minute endurance training of respiratory muscles twice a week for 5 weeks. The CON group did not receive RMT during this period. All participants were evaluated for aerobic endurance using 20-meter shuttle run test (20-MST), pulmonary function, maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (MIP), and maximal expiratory mouth pressure (MEP) using spirometry.
RESULTS: There was a significant improvement in RMT group (14%) as compared to CON group (4%) in MIP measurement (P=0.04). No significant differences were observed in forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), and MEP after a five week of RMT (P>0.05). Similarly, there was no difference in 20-MST in the RMT group compared to CON group (P>0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that a five week of RMT increased MIP, but FVC, FEV1, MVV, MEP and aerobic endurance did not improve in soccer players. The RMT in addition to soccer training may improve MIP but not the tolerance to high intensity exercise.


KEY WORDS: Respiratory muscles - Spirometry - Cardiovascular system - Soccer

top of page

Publication History

Issue published online: March 23, 2017
Article first published online: February 16, 2016
Manuscript accepted: February 4, 2016
Manuscript revised: January 27, 2016
Manuscript received: November 12, 2015

Cite this article as

Ozmen T, Gunes GY, Ucar I, Dogan H, Gafuroglu TU. Effects of respiratory muscle training on pulmonary function and aerobic endurance in soccer players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2017;57:507-13. DOI: 10.23736/S0022-4707.16.06283-6

Corresponding author e-mail

tarikozmen@karabuk.edu.tr